7 Then he said to him, “I am Adonai, who brought you out from Ur-Kasdim to give you this land as your possession.”
8 He replied, “Adonai, God, how am I to know that I will possess it?”
9 He answered him, “Bring me a three-year-old cow, a three-year-old female goat, a three-year-old ram, a dove and a young pigeon.”
10 He brought him all these, cut the animals in two and placed the pieces opposite each other; but he didn’t cut the birds in half.
11 Birds of prey swooped down on the carcasses, but Avram drove them away.
12 As the sun was about to set, a deep sleep fell on Avram; horror and great darkness came over him.
13 Adonai said to Avram, “Know this for certain: your descendants will be foreigners in a land that is not theirs. They will be slaves and held in oppression there four hundred years.
14 But I will also judge that nation, the one that makes them slaves. Afterwards, they will leave with many possessions.
15 As for you, you will join your ancestors in peace and be buried at a good old age.
16 Only in the fourth generation will your descendants come back here, because only then will the Emori be ripe for punishment.”
17 After the sun had set and there was thick darkness, a smoking fire pot and a flaming torch appeared, which passed between these animal parts.
18 That day Adonai made a covenant with Avram: “I have given this land to your descendants — from the Vadi of Egypt to the great river, the Euphrates River —
19 the territory of the Keni, the K’nizi, the Kadmoni,
20 the Hitti, the P’rizi, the Refa’im,
21 the Emori, the Kena‘ani, the Girgashi and the Y’vusi.”
1 Now Sarai Avram’s wife had not borne him a child. But she had an Egyptian slave-girl named Hagar;
2 so Sarai said to Avram, “Here now, Adonai has kept me from having children; so go in and sleep with my slave-girl. Maybe I’ll be able to have children through her.” Avram listened to what Sarai said.
3 It was after Avram had lived ten years in the land of Kena‘an that Sarai Avram’s wife took Hagar the Egyptian, her slave-girl, and gave her to Avram her husband to be his wife.
4 Avram had sexual relations with Hagar, and she conceived. But when she became aware that she was pregnant, she looked on her mistress with contempt.
5 Sarai said to Avram, “This outrage being done to me is your fault! True, I gave my slave-girl to you to sleep with; but when she saw that she was pregnant, she began holding me in contempt. May Adonai decide who is right — I or you!”
6 However, Avram answered Sarai, “Look, she’s your slave-girl. Deal with her as you think fit.” Then Sarai treated her so harshly that she ran away from her.
7 The angel of Adonai found her by a spring in the desert, the spring on the road to Shur,
8 and said, “Hagar! Sarai’s slave-girl! Where have you come from, and where are you going?” She answered, “I’m running away from my mistress Sarai.”
9 The angel of Adonai said to her, “Go back to your mistress, and submit to her authority.”
10 The angel of Adonai said to her, “I will greatly increase your descendants; there will be so many that it will be impossible to count them.”
11 The angel of Adonai said to her, “Look, you are pregnant, and you will give birth to a son. You are to call him Yishma‘el [God pays attention] because Adonai has paid attention to your misery.
12 He will be a wild donkey of a man, with his hand against everyone and everyone’s hand against him, living his life at odds with all his kinsmen.”
13 So she named Adonai who had spoken with her El Ro’i [God of seeing], because she said, “Have I really seen the One who sees me [and stayed alive]?”
14 This is why the well has been called Be’er-Lachai-Ro’i [well of the one who lives and sees]; it lies between Kadesh and Bered.
15 Hagar bore Avram a son, and Avram called the son whom Hagar had borne Yishma‘el.
16 Avram was 86 years old when Hagar bore Yishma‘el to Avram.
1 When Avram was 99 years old Adonai appeared to Avram and said to him, “I am El Shaddai [God Almighty]. Walk in my presence and be pure-hearted.
2 I will make my covenant between me and you, and I will increase your numbers greatly.”
3 Avram fell on his face, and God continued speaking with him:
4 “As for me, this is my covenant with you: you will be the father of many nations.
5 Your name will no longer be Avram [exalted father], but your name will be Avraham [father of many], because I have made you the father of many nations.
6 I will cause you to be very fruitful. I will make nations of you, kings will descend from you.