5 So Yitz’chak sent Ya‘akov away; and he went to Paddan-Aram, to Lavan, son of B’tu’el the Arami, the brother of Rivkah Ya‘akov’s and ‘Esav’s mother.
6 Now ‘Esav saw that Yitz’chak had blessed Ya‘akov and sent him away to Paddan-Aram to choose a wife from there, and that as he blessed him he charged him, “You are not to choose a Kena‘ani woman as your wife,”
7 and that Ya‘akov had listened to his father and mother and gone to Paddan-Aram.
8 ‘Esav also saw that the Kena‘ani women did not please Yitz’chak his father.
9 So ‘Esav went to Yishma‘el and took, in addition to the wives he already had, Machalat the daughter of Yishma‘el Avraham’s son, the sister of N’vayot, to be his wife.
6 But the present condition of Isra’el does not mean that the Word of God has failed.
For not everyone from Isra’el is truly part of Isra’el;
7 indeed, not all the descendants are seed of Avraham; rather, “What is to be called your ‘seed’ will be in Yitz’chak.”
8 In other words, it is not the physical children who are children of God, but the children the promise refers to who are considered seed.
9 For this is what the promise said: “At the time set, I will come; and Sarah will have a son.”
10 And even more to the point is the case of Rivkah; for both her children were conceived in a single act with Yitz’chak, our father;
11 and before they were born, before they had done anything at all, either good or bad (so that God’s plan might remain a matter of his sovereign choice, not dependent on what they did, but on God, who does the calling),
12 it was said to her, “The older will serve the younger.”
13 This accords with where it is written, “Ya‘akov I loved, but Esav I hated.”
14 So are we to say, “It is unjust for God to do this”? Heaven forbid!
15 For to Moshe he says, “I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will pity whom I pity.”
16 Thus it doesn’t depend on human desires or efforts, but on God, who has mercy.